Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Treatment: An Overview
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) treatment, a form of regenerative medicine, is becoming a more popular option for giving a biological boost to the healing process. PRP treatment has received significant attention from the media and has been used by numerous professional athletes including football players Hines Ward, Troy Polamalu and Brian Urlacher, basketball player Kobe Bryant and golfer Tiger Woods to name just a few.
What is PRP?
PRP is produced from a person's own blood. It is a concentration of one type of cell, known as platelets. Platelets are important in clotting but also contain growth factors and active proteins that promote healing.
After a blood sample is obtained from a patient, the blood is put into a centrifuge, which is a tool that separates the blood into its many components. Platelet-rich plasma can then be collected and treated before it is delivered to an injured area of bone or soft tissue, such as a tendon or ligament.
PRP is given to patients through an injection, and ultrasound guidance can assist in the precise placement of PRP. After the injection, a patient must avoid exercise for a short period of time before beginning a rehabilitation exercise program.
Conditions treated with PRP
- Meniscus injury
- Rotator cuff injury
- Joint Arthritis
- Plantar Fasciitis
- Herniated Disc
- Degenerative Disc Disease
- Knee Arthritis
- And many more